Three Common Ocular Diseases and How to Treat Them

Ocular diseases can affect anyone and can impact the quality of your vision. They can range from minor irritations to severe impairments that impact your daily life. Regular eye exams and early detection are crucial in maintaining good eye health and preventing vision loss. This article will explore three common ocular diseases and how they can be treated.

The skilled team at Riverdale Vision Care of Riverdale, NJ, is proud to serve the local community with premium vision care services, such as treating ocular diseases to help you see and feel more confident in your life.

What are Ocular Diseases?

Ocular diseases are any condition that affects the eyes and can impact vision, eye function, and overall health. These diseases can develop gradually over time or suddenly and range from minor irritations to severe impairments.

What are Some Examples of Common Ocular Diseases?

Dry Eye

Dry eye is a common ocular disease that occurs when the eyes do not produce enough natural tears to keep the eyes lubricated. Symptoms of dry eye can include burning, itching, redness, and a gritty or scratchy sensation. Treatment options for dry eye include using artificial tears, unique contact lenses, and surgery to improve tear production.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a common ocular disease affecting the retina’s central part called the macula. It is a leading cause of vision loss in older adults and can result in a loss of central vision. Treatment options for macular degeneration include lifestyle changes, nutritional supplements, and laser therapy.


Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can cause damage to the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and blindness. It is typically caused by increased pressure in the eye and is often called “the sneak thief of sight” because it can develop slowly without any symptoms. Glaucoma treatment options include prescription eye drops, laser therapy, and surgery.

Your Local Vision Care Experts

it is vital to be aware of the different types of ocular diseases and their associated symptoms. Dry eye, macular degeneration, and glaucoma are three common ocular diseases that can significantly impact your vision. During your next appointment with the professional team at Riverdale Vision Care of Riverdale, NJ, you can be sure that you are receiving the best care and guidance you and your family deserve.

Treatment for Ocular Disease: What You Should Know

Ocular disease is a broad term that can refer to any eye disorder, and the treatments will vary based on not only the condition but also the severity and progression of it. It’s critical for people to find an eye doctor in Riverdale, NJ who will tailor their treatment plan for the best results. Here’s what you should know about ocular disease treatment.

The Main Ocular Diseases

The main ocular diseases include:

  • Cataracts: A cataract is a collection of proteins that obscure the natural lens of the eye.
  • Glaucoma: This disorder refers to a drainage problem. When fluids collect, they can interfere with your nerves and ultimately, your eyesight.
  • Diabetic retinopathy: Your blood sugar can cause problems with your blood vessels. Because the ones in your eyes are so tiny, this condition can cause bleeding and eventual blindness.
  • Macular degeneration: This disease affects the tissue that controls your main vision.
  • Dry eye: A relatively common condition that affects the production of tears. Dry eyes can occur for any number of reasons, including environmental changes.
  • Pink eye: Also known as conjunctivitis, this affects the membrane between your eyelid and the white portion of your eye.
  • Keratoconus: Known for its distinctive bulging shape, this disease affects the corneal tissue of the eye. This can cause distortion to what you see.

Treatments of Ocular Diseases

Luckily, ocular diseases are largely treatable, particularly if they’re caught early on. Cataracts can be controlled by one of the most routine surgeries on the planet, while glaucoma can be managed with oral prescriptions and eye drops. (In some cases, you may need surgery though to improve drainage.) And in addition to controlling diabetes with lifestyle choices, there are solutions that can prevent the formation of new blood vessels if you have retinopathy. Other common treatments include eye drops, special contact lenses, and UV treatments.

Ocular Disease Treatment in Riverdale, NJ

If you’re looking for ocular disease treatment in Riverdale, NJ, Riverdale Vision Care is here to find the best possible options for you. Our staff cannot stress enough just how important it is to catch these disorders early on, so you can get the right intervention at the right time.