What is Keratoconus?

Any time that your vision changes or you are having trouble with your vision, you should make an appointment to see your eye doctor. Subtle changes in vision can sometimes indicate the development of serious conditions, such as keratoconus in Riverdale, NJ.

What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition in which the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, gets thinner. Over time, the actual shape of the cornea can be warped, shifting into more of a cone shape, and causing the cornea to bulge outward, leading to distorted vision. Keratoconus usually occurs in both eyes at the same time, but one eye may be more severely affected than the other.

Symptoms of Keratoconus

Symptoms of keratoconus may include blurred vision, distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and trouble seeing at night. The condition is typically diagnosed in people between the ages of 10 and 25, and it tends to progress slowly over time.

Risk Factors of Keratoconus

  • Genetics – Keratoconus is often hereditary, so having a family history of the condition can increase your risk.
  • Age – Keratoconus usually develops in people in their late teens or early 20s.
  • Eye rubbing – People who rub their eyes excessively may be at higher risk of developing keratoconus.
  • Certain medical conditions – Some medical conditions, such as Down syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and Leber’s congenital amaurosis can increase the risk of keratoconus.
  • Certain medications – Certain medications have been linked to an increased risk of developing keratoconus.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to UV radiation, such as sunlight, and other environmental factors may increase the risk of keratoconus.

It’s important to be aware of these risk factors and to discuss them with your eye doctor if you are concerned about your risk for developing keratoconus. Regular eye exams can help detect the condition early, which can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Treating Keratoconus

There is no cure for keratoconus, but the condition can be managed with treatment, which may include eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery. In some cases, a corneal transplant may be necessary to improve vision. It is important for people with keratoconus to see an eye doctor in Riverdale, NJ regularly to monitor the condition and receive appropriate treatment.

If you suspect you may have keratoconus, you will need a professional diagnosis and management plan. For more information about keratoconus and help with the condition, please contact us today.

How Does Keratoconus Affect the Eye?

Keratoconus is a disorder that can cause a number of general symptoms, many of which might be mistaken for other conditions. We’ll look at exactly how it occurs and what you can expect if you’re diagnosed with it.

A Thinning Cornea

The cornea is the surface of your eye. It’s clear, shaped like a dome, and affects how you perceive light and color. With keratoconus, the cornea starts to thin and become more of a cone than a dome. As the cornea bulges, your eye becomes more sensitive to light and glare. Optometrists in Riverdale, NJ can tell you more about how the disorder is affecting your vision specifically.

This condition usually occurs in both of your eyes, but likely will be worse in one of your eyes. The condition is a gradual one that can build up over decades, and may start in people as young as 10 years old. There is no known cause but it has been linked to anything from family history to habits of rubbing your eyes.

What Can You Expect from Keratoconus?

In the beginning, you might not expect very much to change as the disorder can take a while to develop. You might have some blurriness or clouding, but the initial effects are likely to be pretty easy to correct. Most vision problems can be solved with either contacts or glasses.

However, as the disease progresses, you might notice your eyes getting worse. Your prescriptions may change frequently and you may have problems driving at night due to light sensitivity. Some people may be able to correct these issues through hard contact lenses. However, the most advanced stage of keratoconus may require a cornea transplant.

When to See an Optometrist in Riverdale, NJ

If you notice serious changes to your eyesight, it’s always a good idea to see an optometrist. Your doctor will be able to examine your eye and look for the tell-tale signs of keratoconus. If you’ve already been diagnosed with the condition, they can let you know how it’s progressing and whether it’s time for a different prescription or treatment. If you’re looking for keratoconus treatment in Riverdale, NJ, our optometrists can offer solutions at every stage of the disorder.